"How hard can walking alone a trail with a pack strapped to your back be? Most first time trekkers start out with the notion that they are in good health and something as simple shouldn't require exceptional skill or conditioning. The truth is carrying that backpack and walking up a hill or down it does require some amount of planning, the right equipment and pain old common sense. There are no strenuous physical and mental exercises that you need to undergo to get ready for that trek. There are however, a few simple things you should know before you head out towards the hills."
Can you handle it?
if you can walk, you can hike, but start with beginner-rated trails of a few kilometer or less and then work your way up to longer, more difficult hikes. In
The difficulty of any trek or walk depends on daily mileage (How much you can or want to walk every day), hilliness of the terrain, and altitude. Must walking trips, tailored for moderately active people, cover gentle terrain at low altitudes, and many have optional shorter routes. If you need a break, you can always skip a day and lounge around at the hotel or lodge talking to the locals and engaging perhaps in some photography. but on a serious trek, you seldom have a choice other than to make it to the day's destination. Altitudes about 14,000 feet or vertical gains of more than 2,000 feet per day demand excellent physical fitness. The good news is that you can have your fitness level assessed. If in doubt, be conservative, specially when it comes to the dizziness and shortness of breath associated with high altitudes.
Skills needed for hiking apply to any outdoor sport. A course in basic first aid wouldn’t hurt, but at least know how to bandage a wound and to detect the signs of dehydration, heatstroke, and hypothermia. Learn how to read clouds; knowing a nimbus from a cumulus can be the different between a waterlogged hike and a merely cloudy one. Simple knowledge of such things can be crucial.
Everyone needs a day pack; choose one with multiple pockets, padded shoulders straps, and large zipper closure. And make sure it's the right size: When properly adjusted, the base should sit on your hips and the top should be at least one hand-width below the base of your neck. The wrong size pack can give you a backache and even cause long term problems so give this special attention. Footwear designed specifically for hiking offers better support and traction. Choose a pair that's a half-size larger than your street shoes to allow for some swelling as you walk and to accommodate heavier hiking socks. Wear thick wool or synthetic blend socks designed to wick moisture away from the feet, as wet feet is the primary cause of blisters. Some things to keep in your day pack are: a first-aid kit, water bottle, Swiss Army knife, topographic map, compass, light blanket, and sweater.
Hot Spot: That little tingle of friction you feel on your foot before you get a blister. Don’t ignore the feelings: Take off your boot and wrap your foot with protective medical tape before that tingling evolves into a full-fledged blister.
Loop Trail: A trail that starts at point A and circles back to the same point without repeating any section of the trail.
Scree Slope: A challenging slope of loose rock and shale or a rock that is formed from layers of clay.
Saddle: A trail stretched over the lowest point between two peaks, resembling a saddle.
Aiming off: Intentionally erring about 5 degree off-courses when using a compass bearing and heading toward your target destination. The benefit of aiming off is your will know exactly which way to turn to get to your destination when you reach the baseline.
"If you keep this information with you, you should be alright on your trip. But most importantly, head out with a serious intention to have fun and learn from the trip. Everything else should follow." (firstname.lastname@example.org)